Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual.

Same-sex behavior that is sexual

Every 2-minute period that had been coded as containing one or more types of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated when it comes to existence of same-sex behavior that is sexual. Because of this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted within the period took place between a couple associated with exact same intercourse.

Speak about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual

Each 2-minute period that was coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the key coding task ( e.g., remarks about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, mention sexual activity which has already occurred, mention sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. With this item, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate interests or concerns of nonheterosexual people. Usually, such remarks associated with gays and lesbians, although sporadically these people were connected with bisexuals.

Sexual responses involving homosexual and lesbian sources can have purposes aside from portraying the intimate issues of the teams such as for instance usage by straight figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or even tease someone. Hence, requirements had been founded to ensure this product had been coded “yes” for an period only if speak about intercourse involving nonheterosexual references really addressed sexual dilemmas of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the commentary had been coded inside their appropriate talk that is sexual but did not count toward a yes reaction with this product. For instance, if a character that is male to protect his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it isn’t like i am homosexual; i simply have not met the proper girl!” such a comment could have been coded in the primary coding task into the intimate talk category “own/others’ sexual passions or actions” because he produced mention of their intimate desire for ladies, nevertheless the mention of the perhaps not being homosexual wouldn’t normally have counted toward a confident reaction to the product on mention nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas.

System Coding

Coder training

For the year that is first content analysis, 16 pupils (10 females, 6 men) from neighborhood universities served as coders; within the second 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) have been either present college students or current graduates carried out the information coding. Six associated with the programmers done both analyses that are content. The stages of coder training included orientation to your coding task and codebook, big team coding of programs perhaps perhaps not within the test with supervisors, last but not least specific coding of training programs where programmers evaluated shows separately then talked about the outcome period by period in regular conferences. Initial reliability analyses had been carried out on information gathered through the specific training stage of training to find out whenever coders could continue with all the coding task that is actual. The dependability analyses presented below, nevertheless, relate solely to assessments of coder contract acquired through the coding of the subset of programs when you look at the scheduled system examples.

Coding procedures

Coders viewed sequential 2-minute intervals of system some time coded the existence or absence of intimate behavior and discuss sex regarding nonheterosexuals. Whilst the coding ended up being restricted to system content and excluded commercials along with other promotions, programmers utilized kitchen area timers as well as the counters in the videocassette recorders to trace 2-minute periods of program time. Programmers recorded data on scannable kinds for every single period while they viewed it. Although programmers had been permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in previous periods to comprehend this content in subsequent people), these were perhaps perhaps perhaps not permitted to rule backwards (for example., use information learned later in a scheduled system to return and alter the coding in a youthful period). All opening credits and the ones shutting credits followed by content through the present episode (i.e., your final scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

More or less 11 to 12percent for the programs when you look at the program examples (letter = 157 and n = 154 for the very very first and 2nd content analyses, correspondingly) had been arbitrarily assigned to two programmers for separate coding and dependability evaluation. The coders then met to resolve any discrepancies in the two sets of ratings and produce a final set of ratings for the show that was used in data analyses of the entire program sample after both coders’ data had been recorded and analyzed for reliability purposes. Assessment of dependability was carried out for an ongoing basis throughout the 4 to 5 months it took programmers to accomplish the complete system sample every year. Programs out of every genre and each community kind had been contained in the dependability analyses. Genres were represented into the double-coded examples in approximate percentage for their representation into the general system examples.

The number of 2-minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same-sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing led to converting nominal data (for example., presence/absence) during the 2-minute-interval level into regularity counts during the system degree (range periods for which same-sex intimate behavior took place the episode). Therefore, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation associated with the percentage of variance when you look at the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For interval information including the regularity matters utilized right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 ended up being utilized due to the fact criterion for acceptable dependability. Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes considerably surpassed this criterion. The ICC for same-sex intimate behavior ended up being .97 in year 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas had been .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in year 2.

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual.

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